The enamel that reflects the natural colour of your tooth can stain or dentin which is why the inner surface of teeth stains. The cause of tooth discolouration varies from patient to patient.
Most causes of discolouration are preventable, while some are natural to occur. The causes of discolouration are:
- Consuming caffeine
- Consuming aerated drinks and alcohol
- Smoking cigarettes and chewing tobacco
- Large intake of fluoride during childhood
- Damage or trauma on teeth
- Certain medication
Teeth whitening treatment is an efficient and effective way to revive your naturally radiant teeth and brighten them. It is a process that removes stains from the tooth surface and improves the natural colour of the teeth. Teeth whitening is among the most common dental procedures. This cosmetic procedure is the right option for those who have healthy, unrestored teeth. Individuals with yellow-toned teeth respond best.
Teeth Whitening Treatments
Some foods stain your enamel, which is the peripheral layer of your teeth. Additionally, plaque buildup on your teeth can make them look yellow.
This type of discoloration can be treated with regular cleaning and whitening remedies.
However, seldom teeth still look yellow because the hard enamel has eroded, revealing the dentin underneath.
Here are simple ways to naturally whiten your teeth:
1) Oil pulling
Oil pulling is traditionally an ayurvedic practice where one swishes oil in their mouth to remove stuck food and bacteria build up. Traditionally, sunflower or sesame oil is used for oil pulling; but any oil works fine.
Coconut oil is a popular choice because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
2) Eat fibre rich food
A diet rich in fibre is good for both your body and your teeth. Raw fruits and veggies possess plenty of it. Even though this is no substitute for brushing, crunchy and raw fruits and vegetables can help remove plaque as you chew.
Strawberries and pineapple are two fruits that claim to help whiten your teeth.
3) Limit sugar intake
Cut back on sugary and sticky food to retain your healthy and white teeth. If you do eat sweet food items, make sure to brush gently or rinse soon after.
4) Cut down on caffeine
Caffeine is a common component in many drinks like coffee, tea and cola. It is known to stain the teeth. The primary staining agents in coffee are chromogens. The chromogens alter the colour of objects they get in contact with, while tea contains a different staining pigment called tannin. Tannin is part of a plant’s defence mechanism against insects and other herbivores. It tastes slightly bitter and is obnoxious to many animals. For humans, it contributes to tea’s flavour, colour and power to stain teeth, much like chromogens.
Brush and floss regularly
Some tooth discolouration comes naturally with age, while some is a result of plaque buildup.
Brushing and flossing regularly can help your teeth remain white. It reduces bacteria in your mouth and prevents the buildup of plaque.
At-home whitening procedures include the dentist recording impressions of upper and lower teeth for mouthpieces that fit perfectly. A close fit ensures that the whitening agent stays in close contact with your teeth. At home, you have to fill each mouthpiece with the provided whitening gel. It needs to be worn for several hours every day. An optimal amount of tooth lightning is achieved within a week or two. However, one may have to wear the mouthpiece for four weeks or longer for effective whitening. At-home teeth whitening treatments contain weaker whitening agents and hence might take a longer time.
In-office whitening involves using a more powerful whitening gel. A specialized laser activates the gel and allows the teeth whitening process to happen faster!
In-office whitening treatment takes about 30 to 90 minutes and 1 to 3 appointments, depending upon the method used, how severe your stains are and how white you want your teeth to be!
Professional teeth whitening is not just the most efficient way but the safest way to lighten your teeth. Dentists make sure that the right amount of lightning agents are used for your procedure and that your teeth are in perfect shape before the treatment.
Teeth Whitening Treatment Benefits
1. A radiant and bright smile
2. Removal of stains and discolouration
3. Helps you feel confident about your smile
Risks Involved in Teeth Whitening Treatment
Teeth whitening treatments are considered to be safe when executed by professionals. However, certain risks are associated, they are:
Excess bleaching can cause a temporary increase in sensitivity to temperature, pressure and touch. People at greatest risk for whitening sensitivity are those with gum recession, significant fissures in their teeth or leakage resulting from faulty restorations. In this case, dentists recommend a toothpaste containing potassium nitrate for sensitive teeth.
Most people who have used peroxide whiteners experience some degree of gum irritation because of bleach concentration or contact with the trays. This type of irritation typically lasts up to several days.
Dental restorations like dental crowns or veneers are not affected by the treatment and hence maintain their default colour, while the surrounding teeth are whitened, resulting in “technicolour teeth.”
Why is consulting a Dentist for teeth whitening a good idea?
Even though there are plenty of home remedies and methods that are used for whitening, the results are temporary or they are just preventive techniques. A dentist ensures that the whitening is not only long lasting but also safe.
Safety plays an important role when it comes to your oral health. Even the slightest amount of excess whitening agent can cause sensitivity and irritation.
Besides the risks, teeth whitening brings a lot to the table. Our dentists ensure your teeth and gum health are intact before and after the treatment. Professional care helps determine the right product size and the extent of treatment that can yield safe results. Get in touch with our team of experts to know more about teeth whitening treatment.